“The Defenders” Review

I’ve watched each Netflix Marvel series as it was released, all the way from Daredevil’s season one. I stand with the majority opinion on all of them: both seasons of Daredevil were awesome, Jessica Jones disappointed, The first half of Luke Cage was outstanding (and the second half was lackluster), and Iron Fist was a DISASTER.

 

To say I started The Defenders with mixed expectations is an understatement. And the series provided more or less what I expected (with a few big exceptions that I’ll tackle in the spoiler section).

 

First, the good. The team-up does service to each character individually. Some people say that the first couple of episodes were slow, but I found them interesting because they did a great job showing how each hero got involved in the central conflict. Each character brings their baggage into the group. Some are reluctant to join up; others outright refuse.

 

The dynamics between each set of heroes is treated differently, and the best part of the series to me was watching them pair up in different ways and what happens when they do. It even hints in places why each character needs the others in their life, something that the Avengers doesn’t really do.

 

Charlie Cox is by far the best part of the show. He gives the best performance in whatever scene he’s in. It’s as if he’s never stopped being Matt Murdock. This is a performance that should continue forever, that should win awards.

 

Sigourney Weaver does a great job. Some of her small expressions speak volumes; as I watch her, I continually wonder why she’s not all over the place in Hollywood and on TV.

 

A lot of characters from each individual series return. They don’t hesitate to give these characters important parts in the plot, significant character development, or sometimes gruesome deaths.

 

Most of the action is decent. Nowhere near Daredevil’s perfection, but not as sloppy as Iron Fist.

 

Now the bad.

 

The basic plot is decent, but it’s executed lazily. A mystery that’s hinted at for so long that by the time the reveal happens, we don’t care. The threat to the city is vague for most of the series, which makes the driving tension sputter. Characters are sometimes driven by the needs of the plot rather than internal motivations. Some of the lazy writing in the last couple of episodes made my jaw drop.

 

It’s very easy to split the show up into “These two episodes are about this, and these two are about that, and…”, which goes back to a lack of complexity in the writing.

 

While most of the action was competent, a couple of fights had so much shaky-cam and quick-cuts I couldn’t tell what was happening.

 

Finn Jones has improved a bit since Iron Fist, but that’s not saying much. He still spends much of the series reminding me of Mr. Furious from Mystery Men.

 

And last, it feels like we’ve moved completely into a comic book universe. Similar to Gotham, whose first season felt like a crime procedural with the occasional supervillain, and the second felt like a comic book show from Gordon’s perspective. (Or similar to the second half of Luke Cage, which transitioned from a gritty crime drama to a comic book show.) It loses something unique to the Netflix Marvel shows in the process.

 

The Defenders is worth watching for anybody who’s into the Netflix Marvel shows. It falls solidly beneath the Daredevil seasons in quality. If you’re not already into these shows, I’d suggest you start with Daredevil, which remains some of the best “television” I’ve ever seen.

 

SPOILERS BELOW!

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The MAIN main problem, since we’re talking spoilers, is that the entire series is about the Iron Fist being a liability. If he had made a strong showing in his own series, this wouldn’t be a problem. As it is, this takes an already-annoying character and forces us to ask why they want him in their group. Which we should NOT be asking about a character whose main purpose is fighting the villains they’re currently dealing with! I’m not saying that I agreed with Stick’s idea… (though I was surprised that option three hadn’t occurred to anyone else before then?)

 

I did love Luke Cage smacking Danny down about his privilege. It ultimately doesn’t come back up after that episode, but exploring those themes would make Iron Fist more interesting.

 

Elektra had nice character progression throughout much of the series–even if amnesia as a plot device needs to burn in a fire. But then she makes the heel-turn, from Dragon to Big Bad. Uh, writers? You know the difference between a twist and a slap in the face, right? Ask Shyamalan if you’re confused. You need to hint at this. You presented “she’s struggling over what the moral choice is”, when you needed to bring back “she likes killing, and that’s scary”.

 

And then–THEN! Daredevil trying to convince Elektra. Three problems with that. One, you’ve shown her radical descent into mustache-twirling villainy. We don’t care anymore. Two, he struggled with this for a whole season before, and has had eight more episodes to deal with this. WE DON’T CARE ANYMORE. And Three, you’ve established that anyone at the bottom of that hole is dead when the bombs go off. So who cares whether he convinces her? They’re both dead literally within moments. He’s dying for literally no reason.

 

Oh, and then Daredevil surviving? When next we see him, I expect Doctor Strange-level magic at work. And I still call shenanigans. Plus, it adds to the “pointless” part from above.

 

Lastly, all the legal troubles go away. I understand they wanted A) the Hand still exists and wants to cover up what really happened, or B) Hogarth is just THAT good. But here’s the thing: DESTRUCTION OF POLICE PROPERTY. OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE. Let’s leave out DOMESTIC TERRORISM, because the only person who knows for a fact that they’re the ones that planted the bombs (Misty Knight) is on their side now. Still, that’s what, 15 years worth of felonies that there’s hard evidence for? And kidnapping, since Matt isn’t going to show up to take responsibility for his part. You don’t sell “Wow, it went away! That’s weird/creepy/ominous” well enough for it to feel like something other than lazy writing.

 

The Dragon Reborn Reread

In some ways, The Dragon Reborn is the first true Wheel of Time book. This is the one where Jordan’s completely hit his stride. It builds to a definite ending from almost page one, and just clicks in a way that’s hard to describe, but easy to recognize. It’s perhaps the truest representation of what I think of when I talk about the series. If someone could only ever read one book in the series, I’d recommend that it be this one.

 

That said, do I like it now as much as I did in previous reads?

 

Mostly.

 

The depth and variety of characters is almost unrivaled, in my opinion. We get a half-dozen PoV characters in this book, and not only are their personalities consistent and realistic, but they’re dynamic and layered. We find out that not only do the characters all want more than one thing, but they sometimes tell themselves that they want one thing while there are hints that they actually want something else.

 

The best examples of this are Mat and Nynaeve. The humor in these characters is in large part from how much they lie to themselves. Jordan uses a tight Third Person perspective to turn them into unreliable narrators, shoving their opinions and observations into the narration, while also somehow suggesting that they might be wrong. It was this trick, in large part, that convinced me to be a writer.

 

Speaking of which, Mat is finally on the scene! Not the sickly, paranoid annoyance everyone’s been lugging around for two books. This is the Mat who dances and gambles and never breaks his promises. When people say Mat is their favorite character, this is the book where it started. His every scene in this novel is beautiful.

 

Perrin’s scenes aren’t quite so fun. He’s starting to struggle with problems that will overwhelm his storyline for most of the series. For now, though, we get a clear picture of why he’s struggling. In this book, at least, the struggle feels appropriate and means something. It’s Perrin who gives me my favorite passage in the book.

 

Rand is almost completely absent. That’s quite a departure from the last two books, in which Rand was inarguably the main character. It was a brave choice to have the main character go missing for most of a book, and there are some compelling meta-reasons for him doing this that I’m not going to go into here. Oddly enough, it’s Rand’s few scenes that I have the most problem with. But we’ll get to that in the spoiler section.

 

We get to see multiple cultures in this book. We’ve already seen many of them, and some of them we don’t learn all that much about. That isn’t to say that they’re executed poorly–on the contrary, Jordan’s worldbuilding has always been one of his strengths. Unlike some other books in the series, however, I don’t really feel like “seeing the world” was a primary focus of The Dragon Reborn. This book was about its characters, and its plot. And those shine bright.

 

The pace of this book is really weird. Different storylines start at different points and progress at different speeds, so that they all line up for the ending. It makes the first half of the book very scattered, but allows for what I think is one of Jordan’s best endings.

 

There are still some early-bookisms. The magic system is about 80% in place, but it’s not the concrete, almost scientific system we see in the middle to late part of the series. In dramatic moments, characters will sometimes fall into theatrical, archaic language that lends itself to narm. A romance plot comes oh-so-close to bombing, especially on rereads. And there is the occasional line of prose that could have used an extra polish.

 

Some of these are nitpicky, and some of these did interfere to a small degree with my enjoyment of the book. But none of it prevents The Dragon Reborn from being easily my favorite book in the reread so far, and one of my favorite books of all time.

 

SPOILERS BELOW!

 

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So, you know, beware.

 

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I love the Pedron Niall prologue. It’s always impressed me how fairly Jordan represents the antagonists of the series. (Except Fain, of course, because screw that guy.) Niall’s PoV is one of the best examples. I detest this man, what he stands for, the group he leads, and what they stand for. And yet Jordan made me understand him. Even empathize with him in places. I found things to admire in Niall, and could see why others followed his lead. That is beautiful character work.

 

Perrin at the opening of chapter one is just iconic. The whole sequence with him waiting for the Tinker woman, leading her down into the camp, is begging to be put on film. It’s written so beautifully, too. It truly felt like I was there in the cold with Perrin.

 

Throughout the book, different characters worry that Rand is losing it. Whether that’s Perrin after Rand almost brings the mountain down on them, or Egwene when he almost kills her in Tel’aran’rhiod, or the reader, probably, when Rand has the corpses kneel to him. I think he did go mad, for the last.

 

I loved Aludra popping back up and how fireworks became a plot point again. Everything about that plot thread, actually, all the way to the end of the series, works really well for me. It’s one of the longest-running pieces in the series, without ever overwhelming what I’d consider to be the main points.

 

The failed romance, of course, is Perrin and Faile. I’m one of the few fans who really likes Faile as a character, and even defends THAT ONE PLOT. ( In that I think it should have been a book shorter, but I don’t think it should have been cut completely.) In book four, their romance absolutely works for me. The second half of the book, anyway.

 

But in this book…

 

I don’t remember whether it’s Lan or Moiraine who speculates that Faile is only staring at Perrin because she finds him attractive. Looking at her behavior from this perspective is kind of adorable. She’s trying to act all cool and mysterious, meanwhile she’s fawning over Perrin. In other ways (the “cultural differences” stuff that gets really annoying later), I’m with Perrin all the way.

 

The actual failure comes at the end of the book. Within the space of a few pages, Perrin goes from, “I’m not sure what I think about this Zarine girl,” to, “MY FALCON!” Similar to Egwene and Elayne and Min all saying, “I think we should be friends!” in The Great Hunt, Jordan, that’s not how people work.

 

Naturally my favorite scene in the book is from just before that. The Perrin blacksmith scene. It’s beautiful, and calming, and it makes me as a reader feel at peace just as Perrin does. It’s a moment that Perrin needed, to recenter so he could move forward. It also breaks my heart. I have more to say, but it would spoil the whole series. So I’ll stop there.

 

Every scene from Mat. The duel with Gawyn and Galad. The footpads on the rooftops. Him and Thom adventuring. Aludra. Then Tear, which is even better. Every sentence from Mat’s perspective is perfect, it seems like.

 

I expected to wince as I reread Mat rescuing the Supergirls from the Stone. But to be honest, it’s written wonderfully. I think they’re in the wrong for not appreciating him risking his life to save them from, as he saw it, certain death. But it’s easy to see how patronizing that seems, especially considering that they were so close to escaping on their own, and he is so clueless about why what they’re doing is important. Everyone is in the wrong, unlike how the situation is presented later in the series. So the scene I was expecting to be hard to read was awesome. Everything’s good, then? Right?

 

Except the epilogue. The epilogue is a blemish on the face of a good book. Infodump that we don’t need, characters present only for what exposition they can deliver, new questions raised that are less interesting than the ones this book has answered, and prose that is workmanlike rather than beautiful. It’s not just the worst epilogue I think we get in the series; it’s one of the worst scenes. I’ll see if I run across a scene that I dislike as much as this one. It’s the low bar.

 

My last problem is with Rand’s scenes, particularly during the climax. Rand solving problems using the Power without really knowing how to use it yet is at its absolute worst here. I hope it is, anyway; otherwise, half of next book is going to be hard to get through.

 

The Diner: Post Ten (Scene Two)

(I just noticed that my blog hates the screenplay formatting I’ve been doing. I’ve already been manually re-aligning dialogue to center. I’ll see if I can work out the rest of the issues by the next post.)

This second scene needs to give us a much deeper, more nuanced look at Liam. It has to strike a balance between hinting at his past, showing some of his home life, and reinforcing his work. I’m introducing his wife here, and hopefully making the audience like and care about her in just a few minutes.

It also has to bridge the gap between his work and the diner, so that as the scene ends, we’re about ready to start the main part of the screenplay. And it can’t clock in at much over five minutes.

Let’s see how I do!

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INT. OUTPATIENT REHAB, FRONT DESK – DAY

A small, welcoming front office, empty of patients for the lunch hour. BIANCA, a receptionist in her mid-twenties, sits behind the desk, reading a book. Liam enters from a door leading to the patient rooms.

LIAM

Ted make it out ok?

BIANCA

Yeah. His son picked him up. He was growling the whole time that you made him walk the bars twice.

LIAM

Sounds like him. What did his son say?

BIANCA

That you should have made him walk them ten times.

LIAM

So I’m not going to get sued for doing my job too well.

BIANCA

That’s usually what people get sued for, but not this time. You got lucky. Just try to be a bit less awesome next time.

LIAM

I’ll try!

 

Liam checks the time on his phone. C.U. on phone shows 11:49.

 

LIAM

My next appointment isn’t until like 1:30?

BIANCA

Taking a long lunch?

LIAM

You know how it is. Make a few calls, have a smoke, have a drink. Suddenly the whole lunch hour is gone!

BIANCA

You don’t smoke.

LIAM

I might.

BIANCA

And you don’t drink.

 

Liam’s phone rings, and he checks it. C.U. reveals a picture of a smiling woman in her mid-thirties and the name PAIGE.

 

LIAM

And I don’t talk on the phone?

 

With a laugh, Liam turns to leave, answering the phone.

 

BIANCA (O.S)

Tell her I said hi!

Liam waves bye, raising his phone as he steps out…

 

EXT. DOWNTOWN CITY STREET – DAY

 

…onto a crowded sidewalk. A lot of traffic, tall buildings, one-way streets. It could be any U.S. city. Liam starts walking as if he’s traveled the route a thousand times. Several times along the way, we see flashes of someone in a blue jacket in the background.

 

LIAM

Bianca says hi.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Hi, back! You out to lunch yet?

LIAM

Yeah. She’ll have to wait to get her ‘hi, back’. How’s your day, gorgeous?

PAIGE (V.O.)

Pretty good. Today was the Skype conference. So of course, Colin got bored with his cartoon time–

LIAM

Bored? With cartoons?

PAIGE (V.O.)

That’s what I thought! And he decided to come over and see what Mommy was doing.

LIAM

Luckily he’s as charming as I am.

PAIGE (V.O.)

More! Everyone thought he was adorable. But still…

LIAM

It’s about time to start looking for daycare for him?

PAIGE (V.O.)

I don’t know. I’d love to actually get work done. And we haven’t both had a night away in months.

LIAM

My mom keeps offering!

PAIGE (V.O.)

Yes. Yes, she does.

LIAM

(beat) Still, we don’t want him to start calling us by our first names. Mom and Dad has such a ring to it.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Yes! We’ll talk about it later. Speaking of having a night away, it’s Thursday. Are you still doing movie night with Ron?

Liam’s smile slips. His voice stays casual.

 

LIAM

Did he call you about me missing last week?

PAIGE (V.O.)

No, I just wondered.

LIAM

I think I’m going to stay home from now on. Spend more time with you and Colin.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Are you sure?

LIAM

Yeah. He can come over and we’ll watch something on Netflix if he gets lonely. Don’t worry, you can keep your Saturdays!

PAIGE (V.O.)

Oh, I know I can keep my Saturdays.

LIAM

I mean, I’d hate for you to miss book club. Or is that wine club?

 

Paige laughs.

 

PAIGE (V.O.)

It’s mind-your-own-business club.

LIAM

I don’t think I’d like that club.

PAIGE (V.O.)

It’s a lot of fun. You should try it. (beat) How was your morning?

LIAM

Not bad. I’ve got a patient who doesn’t do his stretches and then complains he’s not getting better.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Isn’t that every patient?

LIAM

Not all of them are a pain in the ass like this one. I don’t think he wants to get better.

PAIGE (V.O.)

That’s a leap.

LIAM

Who’s the physical therapist?

PAIGE (V.O.)

All right! So what makes you think that?

LIAM

This guy is no stranger to exercise. Other than his leg, I bet he could outrun me. And he doesn’t strike me as lacking in discipline, either. If he set his mind to it, he’d be walking around already, pain or no, weakness or no.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Sounds as stubborn as you are.

LIAM

What?

PAIGE (V.O.)

I said, why wouldn’t he want to get better?

LIAM

Nice save. His leg got mangled in a car accident. He was in the driver’s seat, his wife was in the passenger’s.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Oh no.

LIAM

Yeah.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Was it his fault?

LIAM

I don’t think it matters. He blames himself.

PAIGE (V.O.)

He’s been assigned a trauma counselor, right? Is he talking to them?

LIAM

Knowing him, he’s convinced them that he’s over this little speedbump. Hell, he probably tells himself he is.

PAIGE (V.O.)

And that leaves you.

Liam crosses one last street. Suzie’s Bar & Grill looks like it’s being eaten by the larger businesses on either side. Its parking lot is half-full, a mustang rubbing up against motorcycles and rusted-out pick-ups. On a sign: Home to the World-Famous Bar-B-Burger.

 

LIAM

Well–

PAIGE (V.O.)

You’re not Spider-Man, you know. Swinging around saving everyone.

LIAM

I always thought Superman was cooler.

PAIGE (V.O.)

You were wrong. Look, if you’re sure about this, tell someone. Make sure it gets back to the psychiatrist. But it’s not your job to fix his brain.

LIAM

I’ll just tell them my wife sent me.

PAIGE (V.O.)

What was that?

LIAM

I said, you’re right.

PAIGE (V.O.)

Nice save!

LIAM

No, you’re right. My job is to fix his leg.

PAIGE (V.O.)

My sweet man.

LIAM

I know, total sweetheart! Worried about this poor guy with a dead wife.

PAIGE (V.O.)

I was being serious! Some guys just go to work, punch in, punch out, go home. You care about people. That’s why I love you.

LIAM

Just one reason?

PAIGE (V.O.)

Goof.

LIAM

I love you.

PAIGE (V.O.)

I love you!

LIAM

I’m here. Talk to you when I get home.

PAIGE (V.O.)

See you then! Have a good day.

LIAM

You, too. Bye.

Liam ends the call, but he doesn’t go inside. Instead, he checks his messages. A C.U. reveals an already-read message from RON, from 8:30 a.m.

 

RON (TEXT)

Meeting tonight? Call me.

 

Liam calls Ron, looking as if it’s the last thing he wants to do.

 

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Sorry! I meant to have everything until he gets into the diner as one post, but this topped five pages and reached a pretty natural stopping point. I have a good idea of what’s coming next, so hopefully I’ll have the next part done within the week.

A few things you might have noticed.

I have Liam talk to his wife about a patient. According to what I found, as long as they don’t provide identifying information, a healthcare professional can talk about a case. I tried to avoid him giving away information without it being an awkward conversation.

You might also notice that the Diner is no longer a diner. Talking with a friend, I decided that a Bar & Grill would fit better thematically (and allow for a plot point later!). The Diner was such a snappy name, too. I’m keeping it for the project name, even though it’s obsolete.

The person in a blue jacket? I wonder who that could be.

The Diner: Post Nine (Scene One)

Now that I’m actually going to start the screenplay, the form of these posts are going to be a bit weird. I think I’m going to have each post start with my intended purposes for the next few pages of screenplay, followed by a first draft, and ending with my thoughts on what I succeeded/failed at in that draft.

This is going to be a first draft. Unpolished, full of plot holes and contrivances despite my best efforts. I’m likely to state what I plan on doing and then immediately fail. But hopefully this will give you some idea of what my process is like.

I don’t have time to do the hours of research I might need. So you’ll see some vague language and even some flat-out errors that I would correct in later drafts. For instance, just to start us off, I’m aping screenplay format as seen in some of my favorite dialogue-heavy scripts (The Dark Knight, Kiss Kiss Bang Bang, anything by Tarantino), but I don’t actually know much about the format and will probably get an absurd amount wrong.

Things I need to accomplish in the first five or so pages: Introduce the main character. Establish his job. Try to hint at the past he hides. Establish the tone.

That just might be manageable, but I’ve spent my whole career getting good at communicating exposition through narrative. Only having prose is going to make things tricky. I guess we’ll find out how well I do!

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INT. OUTPATIENT REHAB – DAY

TED, silver-haired and gnarled, struggles across parallel bars, favoring his brace-covered left leg. About two-thirds across, duct tape makes a mark on the floor. LIAM stands just beyond the tape. Liam is what you’d expect: fit, khakis, polo, tennis shoes, neat hair, shaved face. The wrinkles in his clothes, bags under his eyes, and grey sprinkled into his dark hair show at the first close-up.

TED

If I have to do this one more time…

LIAM

You know when you can quit.

TED

Once I think of a good place to hide your body.

LIAM

You’d have to catch me to kill me.

TED

Are you making fun of the cripple? You suck at your job.

LIAM

I’m offering motivation. Your leg’s dragging; let’s keep it up.

TED

(Short of breath)

Shit!

LIAM

You’re almost to me. Get this far, and we’ll call it a day.

 

A SIDE-ON CAMERA ANGLE – Ted is barely halfway to the line and Liam.

TED

You moved the line, didn’t you? Cheater.

 

Ted’s hand SLIPS and he stumbles forward a step, lands hard on his left leg. Liam rushes forward and catches him before he can fall.

 

LIAM

How many times do I have to tell you not to come in drunk?

TED

Didn’t even get to the “touch your nose” part. I might do better with the alphabet, though.

 

Liam helps Ted to the end of the bars, helps turn him, helps him sit in the wheelchair waiting for him. Liam sits in a nearby chair.

 

LIAM

What’s going on, Ted? You’re doing the stretches at home, right?

TED

All twenty of them, five times a day.

LIAM

So you might have missed a few?

TED

What’s the point?

LIAM

Well, some of them are to keep the flexibility up, and others–

TED

What’s the damn point? I’m never going to get out of this chair. I’m not even getting better anymore.

 

Ted indicates the tape on the floor.

 

LIAM

You might not.

TED

(beat)

Why would you tell me that? Even if it’s true? Especially if it’s true? Aren’t you supposed to keep me hopeful–that I’ll be playing tennis in six months? The hell is wrong with you?

LIAM

It’s not my job to lie to you. Maybe you’ll never recover. Maybe this is the farthest you’ll ever walk again.

 

Liam gestures to the parallel bars.

 

LIAM

If you quit, you know EXACTLY what’s in your future. You don’t have to wonder. That makes it really easy to quit. That’s why I can’t give you hope. You have to decide if you’re willing to risk it.

TED

If I quit I’d never have to see you again.

LIAM

Like I said, quitting is easy. Are we done for the day?

TED

(Reluctant)

No. Wheel me back around.

 

Liam smiles.

 

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How did I do?

I feel I established most of what I needed to in the first scene. Who our main character is, what his job is, what the tone is. We see him convince someone to hang on to hope, touching on some of our themes. I establish that we’re going to touch on some serious matters, and that this story is going to be character-driven. But I put banter in as a way of lightening the mood, something I’m going to try to do to some degree throughout the piece.

On the other hand, I didn’t quite manage some things. I didn’t hint at his past other than some visual cues that he might not be as perfect as he seems. I’ll have to work in the first real clues in the next scene or two. In addition, Liam’s monologue is a bit heavy-handed. After a few passes, that’s the best I’ve got for now. Obvious, but it does what we need for the characters.

How do you think I did?

Next part will be a bit longer, unpacking the rest of the starting state for Liam. There’s a lot more we need to do before we get to the diner!

The Diner: Post Eight (Outline)

The last part was all about the ending. This part is developing an outline to get there effectively.

I’m going to use 7-Point Story Structure. Here’s a link to an article explaining it wonderfully: http://www.critiquecircle.com/blog.asp?blogID=280

HOOK

Liam is a physical therapist, currently helping someone who’s nearly given up hope for recovery. In the process of encouraging the patient, he sidesteps questions about his past. He goes out to lunch.

PLOT TURN ONE

Teresa sits down on the other side of the table. She flashes a gun and says she’ll kill Liam at the end of the lunch hour. 12:00

PINCH ONE

After establishing this isn’t mistaken identity, Teresa starts small talk. She takes his phone after an ill-made attempt to call for help. 12:10 p.m.

MIDPOINT

Teresa’s questions get more personal. He starts to suspect red herring. He has a chance to grab the gun, but chickens out. He sends a message somehow; waiter knows he’s hostage. 12:30

PINCH TWO

The cook and waiter try to stop Teresa, and she takes them hostage as well. ( The cook had a gun behind the counter. Teresa shoots the cook non-fatally; the gun falls not far out of Liam’s reach.) The rest of the diner evacuates. Teresa also shoots down red herring. She lets/makes Liam call his family and say goodbye. 12:55

PLOT TURN TWO

Teresa reveals why she’s doing this. Mystery resolved. He grieves with her. He starts talking about memories with her loved one, and she breaks down. She grows angry. She insists it’s his fault. (However, him empathizing with her, confronting the past, makes her unable to hate him; she can’t kill him.) Time’s up. 1:00 p.m.

RESOLUTION

Teresa takes waiter hostage, makes Liam pick up cook’s gun. Liam kills Teresa to save the waiter. Changed by this experience, he goes back to make peace with his past.

This is just an initial outline, and it’s likely to change. But for right now, it’s enough of a foundation to start on. That means that the next part will be starting the actual screenplay! The first few pages (the first scene, in particular) is next.

Do you have any questions about the outline? What do you think about how it’s shaping up so far?

The Diner: Post Seven (Brainstorming the Ending)

Okay, I lied. I realized that figuring out a solid ending is going to take a post all its own. This is the place for it, so that we can outline backward from the end.

Let’s start at the end, as is proper. What does the climax to look like? What do I want the hero’s end state to look like?

Ugh. You know what? I’m tired of dancing around the main character not having a name. So I’m going to jump to Google, and search popular baby names around the time that he would have been born. Scrolling halfway down, I find Liam. There are a couple of actors with the name, but it’s not something I see in fiction much, so why not? I’d like to pretend my process is more complex, but that will do for now. Similarly, let’s call our villain Teresa.

There are really only four answers to this multiple choice question. A) Liam dies. B) Teresa dies. C) Both die. Or D) Neither die.

I’m telling a story revolving around a mystery between two characters. If both characters involved die, the mystery didn’t matter. So C is out. I put serious thought into saving them both, but I feel that I’d be breaking a core promise of the premise if no one died at the end of the lunch hour. Option D is out.

Now we have to ask: What tells the better story? A, or B? A, or B? Sorry, couldn’t resist. I think option B is much more traditional. Predictable, even. Hero lives, villain dies. It might still be seen as breaking the promise to the audience. But to be honest, I feel that our characters and themes demand option B. If Teresa lives, then what? Are we adapting a Cormac McCarthy story, where the meaninglessness and the lack of resolution is the point?

Teresa’s entire character is built around having no future left. What would happen if she lived through the lunch hour? I suspect that she’d commit suicide off-screen rather than be taken in by police. I’m not that nihilistic. I’d rather fall into saccharine than be needlessly bleak. And besides, that means that choosing option A is also choosing option C.

Liam also has the potential for meaningful character growth. He’s the one that can take away something from this incident.

Teresa dies, then. But how?

She could kill herself when she realizes that she doesn’t hate Liam anymore. Her hatred was all that gave her something to live for, and we’ve established that it’s likely she will ultimately self-destruct. But that strips away all agency from Liam. Liam has gone through the whole movie to get here. As the main character, his actions should determine where this ends.

Liam kills Teresa.

There are a couple of problems with that. First, Liam is unarmed while Teresa has him at gunpoint for the entire movie. We can write around that; he got her gun, he hid a knife, etc. But the core problem is, why? He could kill her to defend himself. But we’ve established throughout the entire story that he’s trying to save her, to save them both. It might be within his character to kill her in a selfish bid to save himself–depending on whether you believe people are capable of real change–but that would mean that he’s rejected the entire point of what’s happening and turns the story back to pointlessness.

Here’s where setting comes in. If Liam is a regular, then we’ve gotten small talk between him and employees at the diner at the very beginning of the movie. Assuming that the hostage situation isn’t revealed for a while, we get to know at least the waiter through a few more interactions. Teresa could take said waiter hostage (side note: If the waiter is a hostage for the climax, let’s make him a guy to shake up a stale plot element), and force Liam to choose.

This does a few things. Some good, some bad.

First, the bad. If handled poorly, it can feel like a cop out. Sure, make the villain cross a moral line she hadn’t been willing to for the rest of the movie, all so we won’t feel too bad about the hero killing her. So we have to establish that she’s willing to do this at some point. Or maybe make it clear to the audience (but not to Liam) that she’s bluffing.

Now, the good. Liam has been running in the name of self-preservation for the entire story. He’s just learned that his inaction might have cost two lives, and set these whole events into motion. Liam taking action could be the culmination of his entire character arc, and could realistically lead him to being a better person at the end of the film than at the beginning.

If we make the waiter young, teens/early twenties, in college or something, this last choice could represent both of the important choices made throughout the film. The kid is potential. You know, children are the future.

Sorry. I think I threw up in my mouth a little. Liam kills Teresa to save the waiter. It’s tragic, everyone cries, but Liam walks away changed for the better. Maybe even get a denouement where he checks to see if his druggie friend way back when actually died and tries to make amends. He’s fully accepted his past, and can truly move on, instead of only pretending to.

Now that we have the ending, the next part can start to build an outline. Sorry for pushing it back one post. I know that outlining is almost as interesting as showing your math.

The Diner: Post Six (The Red Herring)

Last post, we solved the mystery!

Technically, we invented the solution of the mystery, so that we can start working backward. But solving the mystery sounds cooler.

In this post, we’re going to choose the red herring that keeps the mystery from being too easy for the reader (and hero) to solve.

But first, what is a red herring? According to dictionary.com, a red herring is: “something intended to divert attention from the real problem or matter at hand; a misleading clue.” These are smoke and mirrors that keep the audience focused on the wrong thing. These allow us to surprise even the savvy viewer.

Typically there are a number of these false trails in a story. We can have a handful of quickly–discarded suspicions acting as red herrings in the first act, the first logical assumptions that the main character might leap to. However, because of the nature of our mystery, we need a strong distraction. This is why we’re going to dedicate an entire post to red herrings.

First, the small misdirections. What might be the first suspicions of our character when a gun is shoved in his face? He might think that this is a joke, that the gun is fake. Then he will likely suspect that the woman sitting across from him is a lunatic, and that this might be entirely random. The woman’s demeanor will probably dispel both of these thoughts.

What next? Maybe he’ll think she’s scaring him so that he’ll give her money, and is only making it clear that she is willing to kill him so that he won’t make a scene. Knowing our villain, the suggestion that she’s just after money may anger her. In any case, she will make it abundantly clear that this isn’t the case.

Will he think that she has the wrong guy? She can correct him about that quickly.

It’s only after dismissing these that the character will start looking in what seems to be the right direction.

Keep in mind, this is the answer that we want the audience to believe we’re leading to for the majority of the movie. In order to make our red herring work, we will need its resolution to be almost as compelling as the true answer. It will be under many of the same constraints. It can’t be a misunderstanding, and it can’t make our hero monstrous. It can’t be something so prominent in the character’s mind that it’s the first answer he would jump to–but at the same time, it has to be something he’d suspect before the true answer. It also has to reveal something significant about the character. The revelation of this event must also lead to real character development, and will change the way that the main characters interact.

We also need to take the real reveal into consideration. Because the real answer deals with his job, let’s make the red herring concern something in his personal life.

What does our character’s home life look like?

He’s a guy in his mid-thirties, he’s had this job for a good five years and probably spent six or seven years in college before that. I want him to have friends and family, possibly even be married and have a kid or two. This is a man who still has his whole life ahead of him.

To be honest, right now our guy is pretty boring. He’s too perfect. I’ve attributed nothing but positive qualities to him, in an effort to make him sympathetic despite what we might discover about him later. But now it’s time to start putting in some flaws, some room for him to grow over the course of the story. This red herring is a good place to do that.

If the red herring is going to have meaning and power, then it needs to be something central to the character, something that defines who he is today. The decisions he’s made in his life have been a result of this event.

Because the real reveal is settled very much around who the character currently is and takes place relatively recently, I should balance that out. Let’s set the red herring many years ago, and let’s present that version of the character as the furthest thing from what he is today.

The current version of the character has a career, an education, a support system, and hope for the future. He helps people for a living. What’s the furthest thing from that? Jobless, ignorant, alone, lost. Hurting people without regard for anyone but himself.

Our hero was an addict.

Like suicide, addiction is a serious issue that is all-too-often used for cheap emotional punch by writers. Millions of people suffer from it; I can’t imagine many families don’t have someone that struggles with it. I know my own family has. However, like suicide, addiction not only fills the needs of the plot, but it can drive character development and help explore the themes of the movie from a different angle. It feels like it fits and it feels like I can say something worthwhile by featuring it in this story.

For now, the needs of the plot. Why does this fit?

We can set this long ago, before he became a physical therapist, before he even went to college. It can be a turning point in the character’s life, something that remains meaningful even after it’s revealed that it’s not the key to the entire plot. Because it can happen years ago, the specific event that serves as the red herring can be unclear until the moment that this backstory is revealed. And it’s easy to believe that an addict may have done something that got someone killed.

Where he’s at now can stand in stark contrast to where he once was. Who he is now becomes an achievement, and the strength of the character becomes something to admire because it feels earned. But at the same time, it can start to suggest character conflicts that bring this character to life.

Can you hold a position in a medical field if it comes out that you were an addict? Is this character hiding his past, hiding from it? Is he, then, defined by his past every bit as much as the villain? Is learning to accept and move on the lesson he learns from this story? Might this be his arc?

Perhaps he did hurt someone as an addict in his late teens/early twenties. Whether meaning to or not, he might have been responsible for the loss of a life. The guilt of this moment could have driven him from his addiction, could have motivated him to get his life back on track. Having hurt someone in the past, it may have become the force that pushed him into helping people for a living.

To take it a step further, what if he made the mistake that constitutes the true answer to the mystery because of this part of his past? What if him wanting to blend in made him unwilling to stand up for the patient? Him being defined by his past is what set this entire plot into motion. This idea helps to make the red herring feel natural and allows the plot to maintain cohesion, rather than feeling as if we only introduced this to trick the audience.

I like this. The main character now has a weight of history behind him, something to hide, and a character flaw, all in one. But what one event could have changed his life so drastically?

It’s not murder. It wouldn’t take him a half hour of discussion to suspect that was the problem, and even years later, it would be hard to forget. He didn’t actively cause the end of someone’s life. Much like the real answer, he let someone die through inaction.

This character is increasingly defined by fear. It would fit with his character to have run away from a problem rather than helping. The first thing that comes to mind is that one of his addict friends overdosed. In a panic, instead of helping, he ran. Instead of reporting it to save his friend, he saved himself from possible repercussions, told himself that his friend survived, but never wanted to know for sure.

I feel this manages a fine balance. He did something terrible. Something that changes his life forever. But it’s not something that immediately makes us lose all sympathy for him. And because he never knows for sure that the person died, he doesn’t carry the full weight of it. He thinks he’s moved on from it, even though we can see that it still shapes many of his thoughts and actions.

With any luck, this slowly-revealed backstory will be flashy enough to distract the audience while I sprinkle hints at the truth throughout the story. Either way, I think these work well together, and all help with character and theme as well as plot.

Both of these resonate through who this character is, and he hasn’t really moved on from either. The events of the movie, should he survive them, will teach him to accept his mistakes and their consequences, and allow him to move on.

Now that we have some idea of the characters, mystery, and setting, it’s time to work on plot. My next few posts will be building an outline.